Prejudices are so to speak the mechanical instincts of men: through their prejudices they do without any effort many things they would find too difficult to think through to the point of resolving to do them.
He had read much if one considers his long life but his contemplation was much more than his reading. He was wont to say that if he had read as much as other men he should have known no more than other men.
Injustice poverty slavery ignorance - these may be cured by reform or revolution. But men do not live only by fighting evils. They live by positive goals individual and collective a vast variety of them seldom predictable at times incompatible.
The 'morality of compromise' sounds contradictory. Compromise is usually a sign of weakness or an admission of defeat. Strong men don't compromise it is said and principles should never be compromised.